Peer-reviewed publishing is the bread and butter of today’s academia. When governments allocate finance to university departments, one key criterion is usually the publication output of the department’s researchers. And so academics are valued according to how long and how influential their publication lists are.
The following paragraphs will briefly introduce you to the world of academic publishing.
One issue that students and academics struggle with when crossing over into a different academic environment is working with citations and references. In some countries, there exists one style, which is taught at universities as “the citation style” and it is then used uniformly by everybody. In fact, there is even an international norm, which is strictly applied in some countries, ISO 690.
In contrast, especially in the Anglo Saxon world, students and academics come across many citation styles.